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"Tomorrow belongs to the people, belongs to the workers. Humanity advance toward the conquest of a better world".
(Salvador Allende)
To José Gómez López y Eugenio Lira Massi, sharing the same dream
Puro Chile
The memory of the people
Why we are here

Français..... Castellano

Popular Unity
The crimes of the Chilean generals
United States and Chile
United States and Latin America
Chile and Latin America today
The exile and the words
Project for the First People's Century
RRojas Databank
Books by Róbinson Rojas
Papers and notes by Róbinson Rojas
Kontrainformación Mapuche en la red
AZKINTUWE: Periódico Nacional Mapuche
Centro de Documentación Mapuche
Criminal Records: Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte  Imperialism  Ronald Reagan
U.S. colonisation of Iraq:
Róbinson Rojas ( 13 June, 2003):
U.S. corporations, Rumsfeld, Reagan, et al, the criminals who supplied Saddam Hussein with biological warfare-related material
The evidence is overwhelming: Saddam Hussein's biological weapons of mass destruction capability was possible because U.S. big corporations and political leaders were doing business with the dictator.

Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention and Iraq
A report for Parliament on the British Government's response to the US supply of biological materials to Iraq.
Geoffrey Holland
School of Social Sciences and Cultural Studies
University of Sussex
October 2004

P. Krugman, 29 June, 2004
Who Lost Iraq?
Let's say the obvious. By making Iraq a playground for right-wing economic theorists, an employment agency for friends and family, and a source of lucrative contracts for corporate donors, the administration did terrorist recruiters a very big favor.  
A Guide to the Memos on Torture
By THE NEW YORK TIMES    --   27 June, 2004

The New York Times, Newsweek, The Washington Post and The Wall Street Journal have disclosed memorandums that show a pattern in which Bush administration lawyers set about devising arguments to avoid constraints against mistreatment and torture of detainees. Administration officials responded by releasing hundreds of pages of previously classified documents related to the development of a policy on detainees.
A dossier on US state terrorism
At Least 100,000 Dead in Iraq
U.S. War is a Blood Bath for the Iraqi People
Pledge to Take Action to End the War
In a medical study being published today, scientists have concluded that the U.S. invasion and occupation of Iraq has resulted in the deaths of at least 100,000 Iraqis, "and may be much higher." It further revealed that most of the 100,000 Iraqis who died were killed in violent deaths, primarily carried out by U.S. forces airstrikes. "Most individuals reportedly killed by coalition forces were women and children," according to the study. The study was designed and conducted by researches at Johns Hopkins University, Columbia University and the Al-Mustansiriya University in Baghdad (The Lancet, October 29, 2004).
Sworn Statements by Abu Ghraib Detainees
These documents, obtained by The Washington Post, are the offical English translations of previously secret sworn statements by detainees at the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq. Some of the names have been withheld from these statements by washingtonpost.com because they are alleged victims of sexual assault. (21 May 2004)
June 9, 2004, The Washington Post
Legalizing torture
..."Theirs is the logic of criminal regimes, of dictatorships around the world that sanction torture on grounds of "national security." For decades the U.S. government has waged diplomatic campaigns against such outlaw governments -- from the military juntas in Argentina and Chile to the current autocracies in Islamic countries such as Algeria and Uzbekistan -- that claim torture is justified when used to combat terrorism. The news that serving U.S. officials have officially endorsed principles once advanced by Augusto Pinochet brings shame on American democracy -- even if it is true, as the administration maintains, that its theories have not been put into practice. Even on paper, the administration's reasoning will provide a ready excuse for dictators, especially those allied with the Bush administration, to go on torturing and killing detainees."
June 9, 2004, The New York Times
The Roots of Abu Ghraib
In response to the outrages at Abu Ghraib, the Bush administration has repeatedly assured Americans that the president and his top officials did not say or do anything that could possibly be seen as approving the abuse or outright torture of prisoners. But...each new revelation makes it more clear that the inhumanity at Abu Ghraib grew out of a morally dubious culture of legal expediency and a disregard for normal behavior fostered at the top of this administration. It is part of the price the nation must pay for President Bush's decision to take the extraordinary mandate to fight terrorism that he was granted by a grieving nation after 9/11 and apply it without justification to Iraq.
Global Research (Canada) : Feature articles on torture and war crimes
Michel Chossudovsky,
Bush appoints a Terrorist as US Ambassador to Iraq
Felicity Arbuthnot, 14 May 2004:
Crimes in Iraq: ?As American as Apple Pie?
Marwa Elnaggar, 14 May 2004:
The Merciless Killing of Nicholas Berg
Orit Shohat:
American army committed war crimes in Falluja on an unprecedented scale
John Stanton:
Torture: United Kingdom, United States and Israel Kings of Pain
Michel Chossudovsky:
Did the US Military Target and kill the Red Cross Delegate on April 8 2003 to undermine the ICRCs activities in Iraq?
William Blum:
God, Country and Torture
Jack Random:
Abu Ghraib: Enough Shame for All
Sara Flounders:
Bertrand Russell Tribunal: Bush Cabal Plotted War on Iraq Years ago
Nafeez Mosaddeq Ahmed (09/10/03)
'Behind the War on Terror: Western Secret Strategy and the Struggle for Iraq'
United States intellectuals against the war:
Not In Our Name
M. Dowd (8 April 2004)
The Iraqi Inversion
Every single thing the administration calculated would happen in Iraq has turned out the opposite. The W.M.D. that supposedly threatened us did not exist. The dangerous dictator was deluded and writing romance novels. The terrorism that would be thwarted has mushroomed in Iraq and is feeding Arab radicalism.
P. Bergen/S. Armstrong (4 April 2004)
15 questions for Dr. Condoleezza Rice
April 8, 2004
Testimony of Condoleezza Rice Before 9/11 Commission 
Transcript of National Security Adviser Condoleezza Rice's testimony before the September 11 Commission on Thursday, April 8, as recorded by The New York Times
March 23, 2004
Public Testimony Before 9/11 Commission (pp. 1-41 and pp. 42-83)
Transcript of public testimony from four high-ranking officials from the Bush and Clinton administrations before the independent commission investigating the Sept. 11 attacks, as recorded by Federal News Service. Published by The New York Times
23 March, 2004
Excerpts from "Against All Enemies: Inside America's War on Terror" by Richard A. Clarke
J. Miller (22 March, 2004)
Former Terrorism Official Criticizes White House on 9/11
A. Buncombe (2 April 2004)
"I saw papers that show US knew al-Qa'ida would attack cities with aeroplanes"
K. Zernike and D. Rohde, 8 June 2004
Sexual Humiliation
Forced nudity of Iraqi prisoners is seen as a pervasive pattern, not isolated incidents

D. Priest and R. J. Smith, 8 June 2004
Memo Offered Justification for Use of Torture
In August 2002, the Justice Department advised the White House that torturing al Qaeda terrorists in captivity abroad "may be justified," and that international laws against torture "may be unconstitutional if applied to interrogations" conducted in President Bush's war on terrorism, according to a newly obtained memo.
N. A. Lewis and E. Schmitt , June 8 2004
Lawyers Decided Bans on Torture Didn't Bind Bush
A team of administration lawyers concluded in a March 2003 legal memorandum that President Bush was not bound by either an international treaty prohibiting torture or by a federal antitorture law because he had the authority as commander in chief to approve any technique needed to protect the nation's security.

The soldiers of the US Imperial army, like the soldiers of Pinochet, torture, humiliate and murder their prisoners.

Abu Ghurayb Prison Prisoner Abuse. The Files
CBS 60 Minutes, 28 April 2004
Torture of Iraqi POWs in Baghdad's Abu Ghraib Prison
P. Byrne (Daily Mirror), 1 May 2004
Shame of Abuse by Brit Troops

Major General Antonio M. Taguba
U.S. Army Report on Iraqi Prisoner Abuse
J. Pilger (Daily Mirror), 7 May 2004
Torture is News but it's not New
F. Butterfield (The New York Times) May 8 2004
Mistreatment of Prisoners Is Called Routine in U.S.
D. Von Drehle (Washington Post), 8 May 2004
Capitol Hill Sees the Flip Side of a Powerful Warrior

D. Nelson, D. Connett, S. Grey (Sunday Times), 9 May 2004
UK soldiers face Iraqi sex charge
S. M. Hersh (The New Yorker), 10 May 2004
Torture at Abu Ghraib
R. J. Smith (Washington Post), 10 May 2004
Senators Fault Pentagon as New Photos Emerge
February 2004
Report of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) on the treatment by the coalition forces of prisoners of war and other protected persons by the Geneva Convention in Iraq during arrest, internment and interrogation
7 May 2004
Rumsfeld Testifies Before Senate Armed Services Committee

C.P. Scherrer ( 10 October, 2003):
Action for the Indictment of US-UK War-mongers
Revised Report for the World Uranium Weapons Conference, Hamburg, Germany, and the preparatory meeting for the International Tribunal on Iraq, October, 2003

...Nuclear warfare is not a thing of the past. In 1991, after 46 years of shame, it was employed again by the same USA in Iraq. Over six weeks in 1991, US aircraft and missiles systematically destroyed lives and life-support systems in Iraq. An equally ferocious assault by the US air force in March-May 2003 was followed by the deployment of ground troops by the world’s mightiest nations against a country that had been thoroughly disarmed of its weapons of mass destruction by UN inspectors over the years! UK and US forces used massive amounts of extremely toxic and radioactive uranium in the heart of Iraqi cities. Uranium remains active for millions of years! Since 1991 the death toll has climbed exponentially and it is feared that it will climb even faster. Uranium kills over generations. It attacks the human DNS. Horrifically deformed babies are born.
Invasion of Iraq, the U.N., U.S. Unilateralism and Crimes against Humanity: Perspectives for Accountability
From Global Research (Canada)(24 February 2004)

When the ‘Big Lie’ Becomes the Truth
, Michel Chossudovsky and Ian Woods,
full text

Intelligence Ploy behind the "Suicide bombings". "Operation Justified Vengeance": a Secret Plan to Destroy the Palestinian Authority, Ellis Shuman,
full text

The Defense Sciences Office's new Metabolic Dominance Program. DARPA Creating a Race of Robo-grunts, Thomas C Greene,
full text

More on George and Drugs, Xymphora
full text

FEMA: The Secret Government, Harry V. Martin
full text

Bush Administration Officials’ Lies about Iraq’s Supposed Weapons of Mass Destruction in Their Own Words, compiled by Jackson Thoreau,
full text

The Hutton Report is a cover-up of the causes of David Kelly's Death: Suicide or Murder? The Dr. David Kelly Affair, Steve Moore
full text

The purpose of the Commissions of Inquiry is Whitewash: Yes, Minister! Uri Avnery
full text

The White House had (at least ) 28 Advanced Intelligence Warnings Prior to 9/11, Compiled by Eric Smith,
full text

Barely seven weeks prior to 9/11, Attorney General John Ashcroft decided not to travel on commercial airlines, due to "a threat assessment by the FBI" ,
full text

Hillary Clinton confirmed in a June 2002 Press Conference that Attorney General John Ashcroft "decided not to fly on commercial flights in the month preceding September 11, 2001,
full text

Paul O'Neill , The Democrats and Regime Rotation in America , Snowshoe Films, Video Interview with Michel Chossudovsky,
full text

John Kerry's Anti-war stance challenged by Vietnam Vet:  An Open Letter to Senator John Kerry on Iraq,  S. Brian Willson
full text>

Argentine President Faces off with IMF and International Financiers, Roger Burbach
full text

Media vs. Reality in Haiti, Anthony Fenton
full text

CIA Intelligence Reports Seven Months Before 9/11: Iraq Posed No Threat To U.S., Containment Was Working, Jason Leopold
full text

Georgia: "The Technique of a Coup d'État", John Laughland
full text

US Casualties in Iraq, David Hackworth
full text

World Bank Oversees Carve-Up of Congo Rainforests
full text
About the U.S. empire:
L. Panitch and S. Gindin
Global Capitalism and American Empire
"The American empire is no longer concealed. In March 1999, the cover of the New York Times Magazine displayed a giant clenched fist painted in the stars and stripes of the US flag above the words: ‘What The World Needs Now: For globalization to work, America can’t be afraid to act like the almighty superpower that it is’. Thus was featured Thomas Friedman’s ‘Manifesto for a Fast World’, which urged the United States to embrace its role as enforcer of the capitalist global order: ‘…the hidden hand of the market will never work without a hidden fist.... The hidden fist that keeps the world safe for Silicon Valley’s technologies is called the United States Army, Air Force, Navy and Marine Corps.’ "
M. Klare (January 2004)
Bush-Cheney energy strategy: procuring the rest of the world's oil
Alain Gresh, Le Monde Diplomatique
( 18 september 2004 )

The business of terror
The war of a thousand years

The Guardian, 31 August 2004
We've lost lives and allies, liberties and freedoms. In the age of George Bush, we have lost our way The first of two exclusive extracts from Graydon Carter's new book, What We've Lost
The Guardian, 1 September 2004
The Destroyer
George Bush's war on terror may have made the world a more dangerous place. But it is his atrocious record on the environment that poses the greatest threat, says Graydon Carter, in the second exclusive extract from his new book "What We've Lost".
S. Halimi (Le Monde Diplomatique, October 2004)
The United States: Bush's record
The global hegemony of the American Empire (2004)
Fickle, Bitter and Dangeorus
An interview with Chalmes Johnson, by David Ross
J. Webb (22 march, 2004):
Analysis: Insider's attack rattles Bush
Bush attacked on terrorism record
Profile: Richard Clarke
T. Hayden (January 18, 2004):
Talking Back to the Global Establishment
As the Bush administration struggles with setbacks in its global trade and Iraq agendas, the opposition World Social Forum opened festively this week with 150,000 global justice activists primarily from India and South Asia, marking a successful transition for the grassroots experiment from its original site in Brazil.
M. C. Rupert, 8 June 2004
Coup d'etat: the real reason Tenet and Pavitt resigned from the CIA on June 3rd and 4th
Based upon recent developments, it appears that long-standing plans and preparations leading to indictments and impeachment of Bush, Cheney and even some senior cabinet members have been accelerated, possibly with the intent of removing or replacing the entire Bush regime prior to the Republican National Convention this August.
About Bin Laden:
J. Burke (Foreign Policy, May/June 2004)
Think Again: Al Qaeda
The mere mention of al Qaeda conjures images of an efficient terrorist network guided by a powerful criminal mastermind. Yet al Qaeda is more lethal as an ideology than as an organization. “Al Qaedaism” will continue to attract supporters in the years to come—whether Osama bin Laden is around to lead them or not.
M. J. Rivers ( March 2004)
A Wolf in Sheikhs Cloting:

Bush Business Deals with 9 Partners of bin Laden's Banker
"Intelligence Asset" Osama bin Laden supports Bush Reelection
by Michel Chossudovsky
31 October 2004
The timely release of the Osama tape four days before Americans go to the voting booths should come as no surprise. Osama has been a central theme of the election campaign. The Bush administration has been preparing public opinion for the eventuality of a terrorist threat prior to the November 2 elections. Osama tapes have emerged periodically since 9/11 at critical "political moments".
The U.S. empire and Chile

From World History Archives:
The retrospective history of Chile

Hartford Web Publishing is not the author of the documents in World History Archives and does not presume to validate their accuracy or authenticity nor to release their copyright. The history of Chile in general

The Allende Era (to 1973)

Allende's Chile, 1972
By John Foran, Department of Sociology, University of California, Santa Barbara. A role playing learning project. The case visits the site of a meeting Allende held with his coalition partners in Lo Curro, in 1972, in which various proposals were put forward for dealing with social problems and sustaining the project of social transformation.

U.S. overthrows Chilean democracy (1963-1973)

A model operation - Covert action in Chile: 1963-1973
From Ralph McGehee. United States ran covert actions in Chile between 1963 and 1973 leading to the ascension of General Pinochet. The U.S. Government's official report of this covert action said this operation epitomizes CIA covert actions (worldwide).
CIA, AFL-CIO, and Pinochet
Kim Scipes. History of AFL involvement in South America since 1919, but especially, with CIA funding since the '60s, and the project to overthrow Chilean democracy from 1970. The work of the AIFLD network in labor penetration.
Hot Debate over Extent of US Intervention in Coup
By Gustavo Gonzalez, IPS. Right and left-wing senators in Chile argue over the extent of US intervention against the government of Salvador Allende. Also on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the coup, former US ambassador to Chile provided new information on CIA intervention in the 1964 presidential elections in Chile, when Christian Democrat Eduardo Frei Montalva - the father of current President Eduardo Frei - defeated Allende and his coalition of socialists and communists with the support of right-wing forces.
Still Hidden: A Full Record Of What the U.S. Did in Chile
By Peter Kornbluh, Washington Post. The historical record of U.S. support for the former Chilean dictator remains desaparecido--disappeared--like so many victims of his violent regime. In the wake of Gen. Pinochet's arrest in London a year ago, the Clinton administration has been conducting a special "Chile Declassification Project."
A selected list of some U.S. citizens, organizations, and intelligence officials who were involved in Chilean affairs in the 1970s
From Public Information Research, Inc. Each entry accompanied by citations to documentation (75Kb).
Castro Speaks On U.S. Role In 1973 Coup In Chile (excerpts)
By Fidel Castro.For the first time in history, a new experience was developed in Chile: the attempt to bring about the revolution by peaceful means, by legal means. And Allende was given the understanding and support of all the world in his effort - not only of the international Communist movement, but of very different political inclinations as well.
US Documents Confirm Destabilisation of Allende
By Jim Lobe, IPS. Declassified U.S. documents add new details to the Washington campaign of 25 years ago to destablise the government of President Salvador Allende of Chile which culminated in a bloody military coup.
Augusto Pinochet Report: Documents Show U.S. Knew of Pinochet Crackdown
By Karen DeYoung and Vernon Loeb. Washington Post. Days after the bloody 1973 coup that that overthrew Chilean President Salvador Allende, the CIA mission in Chile reported to Washington that the new government of Gen. Augusto Pinochet planned "severe repression" against its opponents and "the line between people killed during attacks on security forces and those captured and executed immediately has become increasingly blurred."
Declassified Documents Detail US Role in Chile
Weekly News Update on the Americas National Security Archive posted declassified US government documents on its web site which detail US attempts from 1970 to 1973 to prevent Allende from taking office and later to remove him from office. The documents include notes taken by Director of Central Intelligence Richard Helms at a White House meeting with President Richard Nixon, Attorney General John Mitchell and National Security Adviser Henry Kissinger.

The Pinochet dictatorship (1973-1990)

Official secret documents from Chile prove the existence of Operation Condor
In El Pais. Official documents from the Chilean Exterior Relations Ministry prove the existence of Operation Condor, which was responsible of the extermination of thousands of civilians in South America. Operation Condor was established during the I Interamerican Reunion on Military Intelligence that took place in Chile on November 25, 1975.
Role of former high official in Pinochet dictatorship is now subject of pointed questions in United States
From Institute for Public Accuracy. Jose Pinera was Chile's Minister of Labor and Social Security from 1978 to 1980 and is now co-chair of the Cato Institute's Project on Social Security Privatization.
Pinochet arrest raises new questions in Washington
By Institute for Public Accuracy. The arrest of former Chilean dictator Gen. Augusto Pinochet has focused new attention on the record of his regime, which remained in power for 17 years after the 1973 coup that toppled Chile's democratically elected government.
Under the Dictatorship
Re the militarization of society after 1973; the creation in 1975 of the DINA secret police. The violation of the constitution and of human rights. The opposition and the 1988 plebescite (98 Kb).
ICFTU mourns death of Manuel Bustos, one of Chile's primary fighters against dictatorship
ICFTU Online. Manuel Bustos, a long-time champion and fighter against the Pinochet dictatorship and for democracy and workers rights in Chile died yesterday in Santiago. The government has announced three official days of mourning, followed by a state funeral, which will be attended by President Frei.
Preventing the pending release of Augusto Pinochet
Author recalls the cruel violation of women under the Pinochet dictatorship in support of a lobbying effort to have him tried in England.
US Inquiry May Link Pinochet to Letelier Murder
By Gustavo Gonzalez, IPS. The US Justice Department's decision to re-open investigations into the 1976 assassination of a former Chilean foreign minister, Orlando Letelier and his assistant, could mean the eventual implication of former dictator Augusto Pinochet in the crime.

World History Archives

The Washington Post files on Pinochet and his gang of criminals.
S.Allende: Speech to the UN General Assembly, 4th Dec. 1972
Chile: The Popular Unity's Programme (Alternative Development)
U.S. Senate: Covert Action in Chile 1963-1973
R.Rojas: The Chilean way to socialism. Popular Unity
School of the Americas Watch
Other material:
A Three Kings’ January 6th 2005 Year of the Rooster Offering
Observed From the Top of the Great Wall through the Eyes of the Innocent Little Boy

by Andre Gunder Frank
Uncle Sam has just reneged and defaulted on up to forty percent of its trillions of dollars [$] foreign debt, and nobody has said a word except for a line in this week’s Economist. In plain English that means that Uncle Sam runs a world-wide confidence racket...
From BBC News, 11 October 2004
US seizes independent media sites
The FBI has shut down some 20 sites which were part of an alternative media network known as Indymedia. A US court order forced the firm hosting the material to hand over two servers in the UK used by the group.
Rachel Shabi, from The Guardian, 11 October 2004
US seizes webservers from independent media sites
Tim Gopsill of the National Union of Journalists said: "If the security services of the UK or US can just walk in and take away a server, then there is no freedom of expression."
INDYMEDIA declaration:
FBI and other legalbreaking news

8 October 2004
‘More Intimidation Than Crime-Busting’ Says IFJ As Police Target Independent Media Network
And the same struggle inside United States of America:
11 October 2004, from the IFJ:
United States Attack on Journalists’ Right to Protect Sources “Violates First Amendment” Says IFJ
The International Federation of Journalists has accused the United States authorities of endangering the country’s cardinal democratic principle of free expression by attempting to force reporters to disclose confidential sources of information. “The First Amendment is a beacon for free expression,” said Aidan White, IFJ General Secretary. “But that principle is threatened when journalists are bullied by judges and face jail for talking to government employees about serious public issues.”
Sign this declaration :
Stop Bush's New Agression Against Cuba
Association for the Study of the Cuban Economy(ASCE).- Cuba in Transition
Granma Internacional.- Castellano
Granma Internacional.- Français
Granma Internacional.- English
Granma Internacional.- Hasta la victoria siempre

read more here
The Geopolitical Intelligence Report:
The Death of Arafat
November 11, 2004
By George Friedman
That Yasser Arafat's death marks the end of an era is so obvious that it hardly bears saying. The nature of the era that is ending and the nature of the era that is coming, on the other hand, do bear discussing. That speaks not only to the Arab-Israeli conflict but to the evolution of the Arab world in general.
I think it is useful to read the two opinions I publish below about Arafat and the struggle of the Palestinian people for recuperating their land after being robbed by the terrorists backed by United States and Britain from 1948 until today. (Róbinson Rojas. 12 Nov. 2004)
Published in The New York Times:
Op-Ed Contributor:

A Difficult Visionary, a Stubborn Vision
November 12, 2004

From The New York Times:
Obituary: Yasir Arafat, Father and Leader of Palestinian Nationalism, Dies at 75

November 11, 2004

Presidential election in the Empire ( 2 Nov. 2004)
What's going on, what the left should do
by Elson Boles
Unlike some have argued, the election did not boil down to resurgent US nationalism designed to recoup US decline. Bush did not win because of Iraq, but despite it. The decline of the US, the shrinking of the middle class, and the Republican economic policies behind these developments, were NOT why Bush won. On the contrary, he won largely because certain Americans voted on certain cultural issues: they voted for racism, homophobia, etc. and these as requisite features of "moral integrity."
3 December 2004
This is a secret field manual of the US terrorist armed forces


FMI 3-07.22
Distribution Restriction: Distribution authorized to the DOD and DOD contractors only to maintain operations security. This determination was made on 1 April 2004. Other requests for this document must be referred to Commander, US Army Combined Arms Center and Fort Leavenworth, ATTN: ATZL-CD (FMI 3-07.22), 1 Reynolds Avenue (Building 111), Fort Leavenworth, KS 66027-1352.
Destruction Notice: Destroy by any method that will prevent disclosure of contents or reconstruction of the document

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